The loss of thirteen American colonies turned Britain’s empire upside down, shutting off a transatlantic passage that the British government had used to dump convicted criminals in the Chesapeake colonies in huge quantities before the war. In the wake of independence, that government urgently began to search for a site for a new penal colony somewhere else. After seven tries and seven failures elsewhere in its empire, the ministry eventually established a new penal colony near Botany Bay, New South Wales, in 1788. With those first 736 convicts and forced migrants came guards, supervisors, support staff and their families, seeding English settlement of Australia and turning that vast continent into the newest jewel in Britain’s imperial crown.
Advance registration required. This Virtual Lecture will be held on Zoom.
Time: 7 pm (ET)
Location: Zoom Virtual Lecture
Cost: $15 per household for General Admission; $10 per household for HA Members, Military, and HA Docents